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good afternoon this is Victoria Beale at the Ohio LDAP Center and we are very pleased to have a webinar for you this afternoon on local road safety plans the presenter is Gerry Roachy with the Federal Highway Administration Jerry has worked in the the safety area with federal highway for a number of years and has been recently working directly with Ohio on a pilot process for local road safety plans and that is why we've invited him and he graciously agreed to do a webinar for us today to give everyone an introduction to what a local road safety plan or lrsp is so before I turn things over to Jerry just as a quick reminder during the webinar we are going to attempt to record the presentation if we're successful then we'll send the link out to everyone if we're not it's a good thing you're here because then at least you'll get the information also there is a chat pod on the lower left-hand side of your screen please go ahead and put your questions in there during the presentation I will make certain read those off to Jerry at the end of the presentation we will also unmute the audio lines phone lines so you can ask questions directly but during the presentation we are going to keep a muted to cut down on background noise so without further ado Jerry are you ready to jump right in yes I am Victoria be hurry all right I can hear you fine excellent well go ahead and get started today it's the pleasure to be joining you guys certainly have been very impressed with all of the great work that Ohio do T and Ohio in general has done so it's it's a pleasure to do something for you guys as a hwa person there's a lot of times when we're using Ohio as an example and so I'm glad unfortunate that there's a time when we can maybe share some things with you guys so it's very good to be here so just a little bit of information about myself I am in the federal highway administration's office of safety I work in our headquarters office mostly in the areas of safety analysis these days so I've been leading an EDC for initiative every day counts initiatives called theta driven safety analysis and local road safety plans fits firmly in that in that area so I've been with federal highway administration just over 17 years now so I've been in the division office I've also been in the resource center and now with headquarters so like I said it's great to have a chance to help out oh hi Oh a little bit so my first job actually when I was in college was was an intern in a County engineer's office and so I have a great deal of respect and for your folks and admiration just on all the different things that you deal with on a day to day basis like I can't think of a job that's probably more different from you know probably hour to hour a long day to days so thanks for taking time out of your busy schedules to be with us so what did I mention that a lot of this material that I present is from an effort that we've been doing with NACE FHWA was asked by nice to help out with what they called a do-it-yourself local road safety plan pilots so there's a number of states that have been working on local road safety pilot plans and so this was an effort to try and accelerate that a bit reach out to some states that have been interested but haven't yet kind of taken that on and so I was one of those states that that we targeted we had 25 counties in six states so it was quite a large group and we had five counties from Ohio that participated Champaign Delaware Franklin and Holmes participated throughout that process and then Warren County joined us for our in-person workshops so that effort was really done over about four months time we started in January with our first webinar we did three webinars I just made four webinars and we also had an in-person workshop that was done in conjunction with the nice annual meeting so that worked out great in Wisconsin there in April where we had a chance to sit face-to-face and help with local road safety plans so those plans are being completed as we speak we finished the last webinar just about a month ago in May and those plans have been trickling in as agencies that are putting the finishing touches on so we'll talk a little bit more about that as we go and certainly I invite any of the folks from Ohio that participated in that too to chime in or share your experience as well we're looking to do a second round of those pilots coming up here in the next few months and so love any feedback that you guys might have for us going forward so today we're going to talk about local road safety plans give an overview of what they are and probably more than just what I'll talk about why they exist and what they can do for us so we'll talk a little bit rusty highway safety plans the state plans and how these build off of that and then we'll get into the nitty-gritty we'll talk about developing a local road safety plan and all the details with that we'll talk about how Washington State has approached this effort statewide and then really spend some time going through a key study from Thurston County Washington Thurston County is one of our participants and I guess leaders as far as the NACE effort and so it's been great to share their experience and I wanted us share some of that with you as well and then we'll finish off just talking about some examples and resources that are out there so and you feel free to jump in if you have questions we'll certainly have time for those too so let's get into this what is the local Road Safety plan there's a lot of different definitions and states are sort of defining these on their own that's certainly great the first ones kind of real general it talks about a you know document that identifies safety issues impacting local roads and and provides a framework to accomplish safety enhancements at the local level through severe crashes I that's probably my favorite the explanation of what these are I also like the one below it that it's a little more detailed it talks about a data-driven risk based process and identify analyze and prioritize safety issues and target countermeasures and strategies to address these severe crashes on local roads so I like that one too as a data guy I think that really is important to talk about the data driven and risk based approach and we're going to spend some time really kind of getting into what that means go along here today so why local road safety plans I think more than important than what is the why we certainly know your agencies you know own the the vast majority of roadways that are out there these roads began as wagon trails or paths or you know there were there first things that were a lot of cross our great nation and so we realize that those varying design standards if standards at all for some of these roads and so but the reality is that's where I'll say forty to sixty percent of our fatalities occur and so just that number there where it's a range and we don't actually even know how many local fatalities happen on the local system it gets a little bit convoluted trying to report that on a national basis making sure that we have all the Potala T's recorded it gets a little wonky when you get out to the east-southeast with states like Virginia and South Carolina where technically those roads belong to this the state V OTS but they really are local roads and so we're that's an effort that NASA's is helping us with we're working with them and the National Safety Council on to get a better answer for that but it's certainly around fifty percent and and we'll talk about how local roads safety plans can be a proven safety countermeasure too so I was gonna show you a video this this video here comes from Clackamas County Oregon I don't think our audio is gonna work so I'll I'll just skip over this today as you see we prepared for that but we have all the links in the presentation slides so that you can watch it on your own but I thought this video was well done we start talking about fatalities and you know over 15,000 of those happen in the local system it's really easy to kind of accept those and we kind of accept it as it's part of the you know the cost we have for being mobile in and the grand scale of things it's hard to totally visualize how we could reduce that in a meaningful way across the country but we start to zero that in you start talking about what happens on our County system in Clackamas County over 40 fatalities happen each year you know folks find that unacceptable I think we can do more than that but when you're really zeroed in you start talking to you know how many fatalities are acceptable in your own family well the answer is obviously zero and so we start looking at it from that perspective it really helps you hone in that you know we can do more of this you folks probably heard of a toward zero deaths or vision zero cities that that's really taking an approach that began in Sweden when they look at from a safe systems approach and and so you're looking at all the things that happened there's certainly driver errors and behavior things that are there happening but there's ways we can improve that so that that therefore choices don't mean your loss of life and so we can do more than that so what kind of continuing on here why would you why would you consider developing a local road safety plan well they could really help you define your safety priorities and so you can look at the barriers that are your issues you know is it roadway departure is it intersections is it pedestrians and in start Zulia you know focusing on in those areas it cannot be prioritize your safety investments and so rather than just do something each year and kind of help their skeleton it really helps you prioritize those investments and what's gonna make the best difference here and what's the most data-driven approach we can use for this so it helps to serve as a communication tool as well and so I know Ohio is a little bit unique in that all of the county engineers are elected officials and that's that's fairly unique around the country I'm not sure of any other state that does that so you certainly understand the importance of communication but these these plans can really help as a communication tool for you to reach out to your constituents and customers even in states where the you know the engineering position isn't elected but you know they report to an elected board it can help them work with their board of supervisors and know what you know what the safety concerns are where your focus focus on your safety efforts on and so that you're not just chasing what is perceived to be a safety concern so I helped you develop lasting partnerships you know working with other agencies whether that be the state beauty or the L tap office but folks in law enforcement in schools and in emergency response there's a lot of partnerships there that you can help you know share this burden it certainly takes a lot of folks I always think about team together everyone achieves more right so we'll talk more about that as we go into the details of developing a plan but it also helps position you to to apply for outside funding or grants Ohio do T is great at sharing their safety funds that's not always the case around the country so you're very fortunate to be in Ohio it helps create a sustainable safety effort like I mentioned you know you'd want to just do one thing this year and the next year you shift gears this can be a multi-year plan that really helps you kind of you know figure out what we're gonna do first what we're gonna do next what are we gonna do you know further out maybe tears out maybe even further out than that so and ultimately the goal is to reduce those severe crashes occurring in their own communities these are folks that you know particularly that the more you get to the local level you probably know who these people are that are impacted by these crashes so I think that again is the probably the biggest why right so go ahead and touch on strategic highway safety plans hopefully you guys have heard of the shsp s in the past and I would I would guess in Ohio that several you were involved in the process to develop your strategic plan for Ohio so shsp is a statewide coordinated plan that provides a framework for reducing fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads so we certainly want the local agencies or local roads to be included in that it helps identify the state's key safety needs and where they should focus our efforts and it really guides our investment decisions towards strategies and countermeasures with the most potential to save lives and prevent injuries and so we want those to be data-driven and really helps kind of set the stage for how they spend their funds and so this is a little bit bureaucratic and how we present it but the shsp is sort of the umbrella document that kind of goes over the whole process these are required to be updated every five years they include infrastructure and behavioral countermeasures the process goes through and is approved by the divisional office and throw out the administration and this requirement for for each state's Highway Safety Improvement Program so you see the two main funding categories are in the HSIP on the Left that's the funds you're probably most familiar with that's where the infrastructure funds come from for safety at the federal level that flows through the state VOT and then hopefully down to the local rebel level as appropriate and then on the right we have the highway safety plan that that is the plan that is dictated by Nitsa that works on the behavioral issues mostly for law enforcement type improving and whatnot so those work together to help develop the local road safety plan this is just a localized version of that shsp sometimes it flows directly from the state plan and it's the same areas and some some situations it's different the the safety means on the local system might be different than the state system so that's kind of how that works in Ohio you guys did a great job in your last update back in 2013 or so of the glooty local roads specifically you've talked about moving forward Ohio will be placing greater emphasis on providing funding and resources to local governments which are responsible for improving safety on the majority of Ohio's roads so they even that included the analysis you see those numbers here on where some areas that you might focus on I obviously realized that Ohio's vast and so some of the areas are more urban some of your areas Meyer I'm a rural and so but these were the at least on the statewide level what what the data showed so something to use as you develop your own planes so that will move in and talk a little bit about developing local road safety plans getting to the the steps I mentioned that the local road safety plans are one of the proven safety countermeasures we'll talk talk more about the proven safety countermeasures as we go but this are the six steps that are included in that process we even fine-tune this even more as we've been doing more with local city plans and we've actually come down to more four steps on that I think help simplify that process and so this is an infographic that we recently produced and I'll walk you through it we actually have a video that just got released on this actually if you're on Facebook or Twitter and the fhw site you would have saw this push down on Monday so this is brand new and so I'll just talk you through it and then if you have a chance please watch the video on your own the first step is you start up in the upper right-hand right hand corner is to identify the stakeholders and so certainly getting out of the out of the silos and reaching out to others so including folks in your own office especially if you have maintenance folks but then getting in law enforcement working with your public health folks your EMS folks and your elected officials and we'll talk more about that but there's a reason we put a Caffe on there and so then you move on from that you start using your safety data and how that can be helpful you don't have to have great data we'll talk about some of the varying levels of data that can be used in Ohio you're blessed with very very good data and the d-o-t is is always willing to help you out and anayzing that so not much of an issue for you guys then we select proven solutions to those situations and implement those solutions so hopefully you have a chance to watch that video anything did an excellent job of keep it very simple and but very informative so so I'll skip over that that's available there on YouTube we'll move on to the steps again first step identifying those stakeholders you didn't see on the sign it didn't talk about cities townships mpos or el taps or even do T's because we assume that you already had them at the table that the transportation agencies already worked with all those folks but we talked about getting out of the silos and talking about law enforcement Public Health EMS elected officials schools if you've got an Amish community you might want to include the Amish community in that if you've got tribes certainly reach out to the tribes so you see in the top picture there a cup of coffee and to me if you want to talk about the most cost effective thing you can do its buying a cup of coffee sit down with those other those other folks you don't meet with your law enforcement folks and it give you over breakfast before I even have a kickoff meeting just sit down with them and talk about what your issues are what do they see is the big issues and and then you can start you know you know they've developing that relationship and then moving on and talking about data as you go so that can be useful here we talk about using safety data and risks there's a lot of different databases that are out there and it's really easy to get overwhelmed with all the databases quite frankly as well and so the beauty in this is that for local road safety plans things don't have to be that complicated we can talk about the the process and what we call the systemic process and we'll touch and more that in detail here in just a bit so no data and no problem there's a lot of anecdotal information there's data from existing services you know maintenance logs things like that you know your own maintenance folks can be a very big resource to you there that are out there that that see edge drop-offs or you know putting a sign back up for the third time they can alert you to those situations again with law enforcement you know they're probably the closest thing that we have in the field to a behaviors expert a human human factors expert because they observe drivers making mistakes and doing the wrong things when they're driving down the road so they can be a wealth of information for you so just some other sources obviously we have the crash data again the Ohio do T's got great Dana their maintenance request even your shsp can be a start if you don't have anything so again we these these problems aren't unique we see the same things around the country you know risks such as horizontal curves unpaved roads and intersections again I mentioned the signs you know if the signs been knocked down three times there's probably something going on there so we can spend a little bit of time delving into those details so when you look at your crash data we sort of look at different things we start with just the primary crash details you know what kind of title what what type of crash was it was at an intersection or not intersection was her fixed objects truck we look at some of the roadway conditions what was the conditions at the time of the crash you know what when the weather was like roadway surface condition light conditions those kind of things getting into the details of the road is it a horizontal curve is is a tangent section and what's the posted speed certainly the driver details the contributing circumstances or any of our road users driver pedestrian or cyclist can tell us a lot about what was going on there one of the things that we've been using and this actually comes from Washington State we'll talk more about that as we go but this is a crash data summary we've actually been putting this data into Excel spreadsheets and providing it's kind of a generalized information form here so just to show you a little bit see if you can see my cursor there I don't know if you guys can see that or not on the right-hand side we got the right you can see it now yeah we could to the right there but go ahead sorry how about no yeah I can see it okay so on the right hand side screen we have total crashes and this happens to be counting acts we've we've genericized it so that you wouldn't bill who what agency this is and then on the left hand side in the red we've got just the severe crashes or the fail and serious injury crashes and so here you see their crashes by year to the left of these boxes for this county you see what they called West counties this was in Washington State as I mentioned so they wanted to look at what's happening with my pure counties and how do I relate to them then they looked at all counties and then even all public roads and so you see here some things that are highlighted on all roads that you know fix objects being struck is about 28% of the severe crashes that are occurring for the counties that jumps up to 43 percent but in this particular County it was fifty four percent of the issue and so any of those things that were over-represented from total crashes to severe crashes as we went through and highlighted those and this is just one page this actually goes down probably four or five pages of different efforts that we're looking at the collision type is just one road surface we get into driver contributing factors in circumstances and whatnot as well so just to give me an idea how that works but I mean one of the things you can do to help focus where you're going is determine those emphasis areas you know is that Robo departure as intersections pedestrians is it impaired driving you know things like seatbelt usage those kind of things and so that can really help focus your efforts you don't have to analyze every crash or every road every mile of your roadway system you just look at those that that are having those issues and so these happen to be the emphasis areas from Ohio shsp you see the serious crash types the really rural a departure in intersections also get into some of those high risk behaviors so I got mentioned seatbelts impaired driving speed young drivers distraction of course is something we see growing everyday and then also you're vulnerable users or your special users so and then data that's good to see as well so this just happens to be one agency they broke it down by a fine roadway type by county pave-set system county unpaved system and even the cities to see where those issues were occurring so they might not have to take on this whole you know 823 crashes they're gonna focus on those areas that have the biggest bang for the buck so on the city they really could focus on just the intersection issues and you know for the low-hanging fruit for the county page system it was the non curve section so that's where they saw the biggest needs so this is just another example of taking those those data summary tables and turning into what we call crashed tree diagram so kind of walk you through this this might be the first time you've seen this this comes from Minnesota in their efforts for local road safety plans so they're looking area at one district area or a region and then they broke it down by severe crashes on the state system on the county road system and then also cities and townships and so focusing on the counties they broke it down by rural and urban I'll just walk you through one example here so looking at the rural area of the counties that was the biggest portion of the problem seventy seven percent of all crashes and 89 percent of severe crashes most of those were not an animal related so and most of those were not intersections so sixty four percent of these crashes were not intersections so breaking it down into the type of crash rondalee run off the road was an issue in 63 percent of those severe crashes and then 61 of those run off road crashes were on curves and so they could easily jump for the first cut and where to focus our efforts with two curves let's look at curves and see what kind of improvements we can do there so as I mentioned we through our pilot we did this for some other counties this happens to be a County in Colorado and if you see the yellow highlighted boxes those are the ones that were over-represented in comparison to to the total crashes and other counties and so here you see some intersection issues they looked at broadside being a problem and so these were non signalized intersections and so there was a lot of issues going on there here's one that's the delving into and the horizontal curve issue those that ran off the road to the right and to the left and of course we saw a lot of overturning crashes we've also a guest find out so there's some data data issues and some of the recording of some of these crashes on the local system in Colorado so that some things that they're already working on as well so this can help you really kind of figure out what's going on and I'll show some examples of that as we go here too so this has to be a example from Plymouth County in Iowa up in the northwest part of Iowa again my home state I actually work out of Ames and so this shows you their crashes in 2013 they averaged about 54 crashes so the about one per month over a five year period so here you see 2013 crashes and 2014 that sort of exploded we had a lot going on in the center part of the state a couple in the southeastern part of that County and 2015 those dots moved they migrated upwards and even to the last to the lower left and 2016 they were all you know concentrated in the southern part of the county and in 2017 they might read it to the north and so this shows you a map of all those crashes and so if you just look at severe crashes and if you looked at even just the fatal crashes this you'd even see this more pronounced is moving around the county but the the fact the matter is these severe crashes are fairly random in nature and so the particular location that these happen are random but the circumstances typically are not and so a lot of these things a lot of these severe crashes here have a lot of factors in common and so we can take this data set in and start to tease out what what are the things that were common in all these severe crashes what was the the the lane width of these roads what was the shoulder width of these roads but what does the roadside look like in these situations it was alcohol involved in these crashes so we can start figuring out what the commonalities are from these crashes and we can start to figure out where does this happen on our system where is one of these things present on our system because it's probably not your the next dot that's gonna show up in 2018 probably isn't in any of these locations right you don't see if you watch these dots and off I'll back up maybe just a little bit but if you pick out when done in 2013 say that dog doesn't get repeated as you know these things keep moving around and so we don't want to just focus on the dots we want to focus that on the locations that the characteristics are the same as these dots and so that can help us really make a lot more progress and a lot more data-driven that will help us in the future so rather than just trying to chase black spots so let's take a step back and maybe talk just from a doctor standpoint in the systemic approach that we're going to talk about it really comes from the medical field and so if you think about it if you've had a physical recently or you weigh in because you had some some issues you know before you even see anyone you fill out a form that asks you a whole bunch of questions right it's gonna want to know kind of your your health history right it's gonna ask you questions about how often the exercise are you a smoker how many drinks do you consume in a week what's your family history you know is there is there history of health dizzy heart disease is there you know one of one of your relatives faced as Amon died early those kind of things then you then you go back and first thing to do they're gonna they're gonna take your weight they're gonna take your height they're gonna you know check your blood pressure and whatnot before they've even asked you a question right before the before the doctors even come in and so and then they're gonna ask you what kind of symptoms or exploit you know what our issues are your experience you know how have you been feeling those kind of things and so what they're doing is kind of walking through that to see what you might be at risk for so you know if you're 500 pounds and you find out that there's a history that you know you you're your father and your mother both died of heart disease that your grandfather had a heart attack they're gonna say hey you're prone area and higher risk to have a heart tissue or have you know heart disease and so they're gonna come up with some things to try and counteract that right so we can do the same thing with our roble system and so as I just talked about you know let's look at what happens if these severe crashes and what can we glean from those situations you know what one of the characteristics that are common and all these locations that can help us preventatively go out and look for where these situations are are going to occur just like you do with your health we want to find these things out before you have a heart attack right so very similar to that so looking at it from a systemic approach we look for those Roman characteristics across our network that are correlated with those severe crash those crash types so here you see sort of a sieve analysis and we're looking at different features and and this this process can be really you know tailored to the the day that you have available and so here we talk about Rolly features such as shoulder type horizontal curves access intersection skew things like that traffic volume can be a big feature and we'll show that in one of our examples today other features you know operating speed proximity rail crossings those kind of things can be very helpful these all come from the systemic safety project selection tool there again you see a link to that tool if you haven't checked that out that's a really great resource to walk you through this process so we also put together and a systemic infographic as well talking about how healthy is your road system and so you know we applying that doctor mentality that medical field process to our road system and see here we pull out risk factors such as traffic volume curve radius intersections occurring within those curves visual traps and we'll talk more about that as we go if you're not familiar what those are and then having those crashes that have occurred so that can help us really hone in on our system so that we're not trying to create you know 300 curves or 3,000 curves we're trying to go after 30 curves right so we can figure out those ones that are most at risk so now here's just some general risk factors that you might look at there's a whole list of these in that in that in that guidebook so and then once we have those risk factors if we figure out which ones we're going to use we analyze our system or or screen our network to see where these these situations occur on our network and so we rank those those those those sections or quarters and then we of course put the ones with the most stars at the top and so we'll show an example of what this looks like as we go so and this can be somewhat qualitative you need we talked about curve radius and those things we don't necessarily need to know the radius of curve but we can know is a sharp curve is it a medium crude or as a flat curve is the roadside good bad or ugly right so the qualitative can certainly tell us enough about what we need to do so then we move on to the step step 3 we'll have to choose our proven solutions look at you know focus in that that facility priority or crash type priority that we've already identified and then we look at proven countermeasures to address those things so hopefully all you Miller with hi-fi Stephanie's proven safety countermeasures we're now up to 20 there were six that were just added this last year andso some of those certainly are applicable to county roads particularly the intersection one a systemic application of low-cost treatments even the pedestrian lead intervals might be something you guys are interested in so just showing a few these there's a flyer a two-page flyer front and back on all these countermeasures this one happens to be on enhanced delineation and friction for horizontal curves you see there are some of the the down-and-dirty facts of Chevron's gonna reduce nighttime crashes by 25% it can add a reduction in 16% of the severe crashes high friction surface treatments certainly are very effective on wet weather crashes so that's an issue it's certainly a great countermeasure that can help you with that I mentioned the new one the systemic application of multiple low-cost countermeasures this is something that you can do and probably something folks who are familiar with they thought well I am etcd just talks about to stop ahead and stop saying you can always double up you can make those signs more conspicuous you can put in to advance warning signs you can add an erect light reflective stripe strips to the post to make those even more visible so those are shown reduction and ten percent in an injury and fatal crashes and 50% reduction in nighttime crashes so a lot of this was done in South Carolina and all their intersections they had a huge intersection issue that they addressed so rumble strips is another one again very effective in here sees centerline rumble strips 44 to 64 percent of those those target effect crashes now the beauty is we don't have to put centerline rumble strips on the entire system we just need to put rumble strips on the at-risk system and we'll talk more about that as we go as well so leaning pedestrian rolls this is another one that's going to be added in fact we've promoted under step if you saw today they just put out the EDC five everybody counts five round of initiatives that includes the continuation of step and adding a few countermeasures such as the leading pedestrian interval at signalized intersections so this can help reduce your pedestrian vehicle crashes by sixty percent so something you guys might look at with all the pedestrian crashes you've had there on the local system so there's also something for law enforcement and behavioral side of things on what they call Mitsos countermeasures at work there's nine sections in that guide just pulled out a few of those sobriety checkpoints or Anaya what we call the safety checkpoints can be something that's very effective it's a great way for law enforcement agencies from different agencies to work together you know County Sheriff working with City Police Department and State Patrol and motor vehicle enforcement folks to work events together and those can be very helpful to reduce those those alcohol-related crashes for sure in Iowa the the governor's house Safety Office actually built some trailers that any County Sheriff's Office or any local agency can check out it's got all the cones in there in the trailer it's it's got the proper signing to do the checkpoints to get folks off the road safely it even includes things like fans and lighting and coolers because because can be hot when they're doing these things so it's all in one box so to speak for them to do these events and can really be visible so high visible enforcement you know a lot of agencies can do that those show really benefited you know reductions particularly if they're done with media and so a lot of times in local agencies if you've got a small town newspaper now they're starving for real news and they're happy to run those those those articles about you know what you're doing what you're out there for that can be helpful to those folks too so nighttime enforcement of course that's when a lot of the bad things happen and so that can also be an effective treatment so we talked about a step for me in implementing the solutions so this is a quote that my colleague Hilary I zubrin's who works in the resource center office uses all the time for Theodore Roosevelt says do what you can with what you have where you are and so you can start small you can start tomorrow with things that can be done once you start looking at your datasets so and I do want to make one was just I guess distinction I talk about systemic that's really deploying countermeasure at all locations systemic is deploying those countermeasures at locations with the greatest potential for safety improvement just like I was talking about with those rumble strips we don't have to do the whole system let's just figure out where they might have the most benefit and in its data-driven are you gonna get noise complaints probably so but if it's data-driven that makes it a little bit easier for folks to accept and understand it's something if you include in your plan you can also help cell folks on the need for that so they they've got that information behind the scenes to explain why you're doing it there so as I said do what you can where you're at right so you can start with things you don't have to wait to do a capital improvement project to get started with your plan you can start implementing that with education and enforcement certainly maintenance projects you know getting outside so let's not wait so if someone hits the tree at the end of this curve right let's get these extra signs out there and then also look at some capital projects - there's there's certainly things that that can help but if you're going to apply for HSIP funds you gotta wait until the state makes the funds available then the feds I have to actually put the funds in the system then you've got to go out and get it designed maybe you're gonna put that out to a consultant so you have to put the RFP out there yet so select a consultant you design it then you've got a gift then you've got to put it out for bid you gotta give the contractors time to bid on it and also do the construction so you know three years can go real fast right on a real project and so there's a lot you can do before that happens so working with law enforcement again that's some great things you know maybe you have a robot that needs some improvements but before you can get out there have law enforcement start doing some targeted enforcement in there too so it also helps them to you know we've talked to law enforcement sometimes they'll say hey if I'm going to write a seatbelt ticket I just lost one vote in the next election right so that can be a challenging issue but one thing that can help them - is this data and you know as they stop the person that you explain that hey I'm not just trying to be a bad guy here this road has been in our County this is the the highest number of severe crashes for unmelted persons and so again that makes it a little bit easier to swallow they certainly I can like the fine but but maybe that makes them think about it and say gee you really educated me on I'm not doing that anymore and wearing their seatbelts so as you go through that process you want to come up with a prioritized list of roadway sections this is just one example of what that looks like we talked about star ratings a little you probably want a manageable number of five-star locations right you don't want a whole bunch of those four-star locations that you have a few more of those few more three-star locations and then down the road two stars one stars and zero stars so if you come up with five stars and you still have 50 locations then you probably need to add a couple of rubbing factors to make that better yet so this I won't spend a lot of time in these these decision trees can also help you as you look at policies you know if you're looking at rumble strips or rumble stripes you can go through the processes noise and concern you know what we have for Lane width and whatnot so and then of course step 5 evaluate and update the plan we see this as living documents and things that you can evolve and update over time as you start to have some successes hopefully you document that and then build on those successes with the next round of projects these plans come in all shapes and sizes we have plans that are you know anywhere from probably three pages to three hundred pages maybe even more than that if you bring in a consultant you see some of these are prettier than others certainly consultants how to roll in these we've talked to agencies that have paid I think from anywhere from 40,000 to some that came back to 152 even one that was 250,000 was the quote for for developing their plan and that had some data collection things in it too but but a plan doesn't have to be fancy or sexy it needs to be functional for you and so you can certainly start small and go from there I'll mention the one on the right is from one of our tribal agencies we have over 300 tribes in the United States that have tribal safety plans now so they've been really taking the start and and really finding some solutions so Jerry this is Victoria I'm going to jump in here real quick just to throw up with your comment about the other plans one of the reasons - for asking you to do the webinar today is that Ohio is moving forward with an initiative for development of local road safety plans on the local system and there's going to be assistance coming from the Safety Office so more information is going to come out about that over the next few months and you know the folks here in Ohio we definitely encourage them to start looking and thinking local road safety plans but know that the assistance is going to be coming as well so you know we're here to definitely support them through that process and Jordan Whistler who has joined the Safety Office here in Ohio it's going to be helping to lead that charge so didn't want to detract too much though cuz I know you still have quite a bit to go now that's excellent Victoria and you guys you're very fortunate to be in Ohio because you have a wealth of resources that are assistant so that's excellent so go ahead and move on here we'll go through this and this is just some examples from Washington State I'll go through this fairly quickly but in Washington State again they found that their counties maintain 47% of the Robie mileage but the fatal crash rate is twice as high as their state highways and so in Washington they do a great job of sharing their safety funds they put the funds there HSIP funds where the issues are so 70 percent of that funding goes to the local agencies and then it's further split 40 percent to cities and 30 percent to counties based on where they see the severe crashes occurring so they put together a lot of money when they started doing that when they started making those funds available they wanted to make those counties have a county road safety plan so they required those plans to exist for them to apply for funds and so they went through a process they did a lot of training I won't get in a lot of that detail but they helped provide those crash summary details and then the agencies actually developed these plans all by themselves these are all developed by the counties not by consultants or anything else so 80 percent of the counties have plans now and use those plans to apply for funding so this they took about 80 hours I won't get into a lot of the details but they're actually just starting to require plans for cities now as well so those first round will be due yet this summer so and I'll show an example this is Thurston County Washington so up in the the Olympia area if you're familiar with Washington you know fairly large County a lot of traffic volume they have a thousand miles of roadways out there it's probably not very different from some oh hi Oh County's 131 severe crashes over a five year period and 56% of those were really departure so sort of similar to what I showed you earlier here's of their fatal crashes you see how these will move around here again none of these happening in the same spot so they went through the crash data as I mentioned that this was done by Washington for them and then they when they when they started holding on their data they see horizontal curves stand up so if you guys are familiar Thurston County and Scott Davis he's a leader within NACE and as a safety champion he knew Roby departure was happening under severe crashes he had no idea that horizontal curves were so over-represented in their state and so you see they're all roads 26 percent off counties 39 percent Thurston County 45 percent so they really went a whole hog and focused on counties I'll talk about this fairly quickly they had 5,000 total crashes if you looked at all their crashes again a thousand centerline miles and they looked at curves that reduced those number of crashes down to 1500 and you see here those basically we're all on system crashes so they can instead of looking at a thousand miles of roadway they can look at 300 miles and a third of their system and see where those crashes and severe crashes were happening so that system was certainly over-represented 350 miles is still a lot but it's a lot less than a thousand so then they started looking at risk factors they went through that systemic a selection tool we've got a number of risk factors to see if those made sense and some did some data that are thrown out they did do some data collection they use the data that they have available in their systems their fuel data collection was not road where videos or anything like that they just sent two guys in a man out to drive around and capture a little bit more information on some things so they use analysis they use those pivot tables some of these bar graphs I'll show you again this look that there are on system roads they broke that down even further and found out that the system that was really over-represented was the rural major collectors and so that got him down to two two hundred and nine miles to look at where those crashes were presented they didn't include real minor click did you see there are fifteen percent of the system is rural minor collectors but it's only nine percent of the serious injury crashes so they they try to use the data help guide that so they focused in on certain traffic volumes it was three thousand eight thousand vehicle miles per day that's where they focused on so again over-represented so they looked at roadside rating this is one of the things that they were able to capture when they sent people out that you see good bad and ugly sort of things here but looking at clearance and again H clearance three this the bottom picture where those trees are right off the side of the road you know is well over represented so it's only nineteen percent of the locations but thirty six percent of the severe crashes so they looked at proximity of intersections to curves or within curves visual trap that's where the road looks like it goes straight you know you get some visual cues like telephone poles here that make it look like the roadway goes straight but it actually occurs and so that was over-represented as well they scored those with points and so a traffic volume if it had intersection in the career it was a rural major collector if that shoulders edge clearance that we talked about it received one point other things like winding roads visual traps they had less a little less confidence or they weren't sure these were as big a deal that the speed differential from the posted speed versus the advisory speed got half a point and so they went through their system the highest ranked location you see here is Hawks Prairie Road that scored a six and so there's about I think there was two hundred seventy different curves they looked at so this table went down but you see the top three there so no one had nine even though they use nine factors six was the highest and so this is kind of how it played out as I mentioned that pyramid they had eight that scored in the 5 to 6 range 21 that went four to five and 65 and that three to four range so pretty good bell curve here with that standpoint so they looked at those countermeasures that made the most sense that were proven widespread use from other agencies they put together kind of a matrix to look at costs and how long it was gonna take for a permitting and right way and those kind of things how much maintenance was gonna be required of it what is the crash modification factor uh how effective is this going to be and they use that figure out what their solutions were they came up with basically the proven countermeasures right there's a lot on curves and enhanced edge lines guardrail delineation in some cases the update of the guardrail and put in some new guardrail and they use rumble strips shoulder or centerline uneven edge line as well as raised pavement markers where they couldn't do a rumble strips due to noise and so they went whole hog they spent about four million dollars of HSIP funds they kept applying and kept receiving funds so they put a lot of improvements in and I've seen a huge reduction their reduction in severe crashes that curves is a thirty five percent reduction now this actually looks at all curves in the county it's not it's not just the ones that were treated so if you looked at just the treated locations on the on system roadway it even be more effective and showing you that those improvements were you know very effective so they found this to be very helpful so as I said they did this all by their own staff they ranked 270 curves use those kind of measures and reduce those crashes on their entire network by 35% and curves so folks if they've got questions just finish up with a few more slides here and they can start thinking about their questions if they got questions any of that I mentioned all all the different shapes and sizes we do have some resources out there we did come up with a local road safety plan template again this just kind of walked you through this is like a three or four page template that helps you figure out what your vision and goals here's what the data tells you and you can really just sort of plug in your agency's name here and start using this so some agencies certainly have used that I mentioned tribal transportation plans we've got several examples that we prepared there several from Washington State even North Dakota has got a page that you can look up the their webpage those were developed by consultants and so there are a little thicker but have some good information in them too so some of the resources I mentioned our video that is available as well as the infographic and then the the systemic infographic as well so and with that my biggest things are execute you know and in this I'll just say this is a dead french guy and shortness of time here but a goal without a plan is just a wish and my favorite quote comes from General George Patton a good plan violently executed now is better than a perfect plan next week so you know every time I hear you say that it grows on me yeah I think the by all the executi part is certainly important you know what can we do now instead of waiting three years I I think I suffer from ADHD myself and so I always want to get going on those things plans can be very helpful but you know I'd rather you come up with a plan that you can develop on your own in six months and insane fifty thousand to two hundred and fifty thousand dollars to you start doing things right start putting in improve signing and markings those kind of things so that's my personal preference data I mean we have lots of data here in Ohio so you know we're fortunate in that sense I haven't had any actual questions come in through the chat pod so I just wanted to give it another second or two for anyone who wanted to type one in - feel free to and - Thank You Jerry so much for this presentation I feel like we were drinking from the fire hydrant but we've got it all now so hopefully we'll be able to you know use this base information to move into the Ohio specific program that's being developed I am going to look at unmuting the phone line so if anybody's got a party going on the background please feel free to you know go ahead and quiet those folks down real quick and Jerry did you want to mention about this slide just that if you have any information or you want more information feel free to reach out there's a number of things on our website but certainly go through Victoria as well so we did cover a lot of materials so if you have questions today I'm happy to take them now and if you think of things over time feel free to reach out we've got a whole team of folks that are really pushing these local road safety plans we see these as the next big thing and and certainly something that can be very effective for your agency so and I welcome anyone if they've got thoughts I know Cornell's happen helping us out in Franklin County with some other things going forward on the data to approach I know he's been a big proponent of what this has done to you so sounds good well I'm gonna go ahead on mute now so if anyone has questions they can feel free to to ask them over the audio you'll just need to click on your little microphone there on the screen and unmute yourself as well but we're happy to take your questions either through the audio or through the chat pod this is the part where they all get really quiet because they don't want to be on the recording I'm afraid Jerry understand how that goes so we will follow up after this webinar again with a copy of the PowerPoint presentation with the contact information and the links to the videos I'm sorry that we couldn't get those to work for you but you know we did try a dry run ahead of time and today it just didn't want to cooperate so I guess we don't have any questions going once twice you did a great job Jerry thank you so much we really appreciate it and thank you all for participating in today's webinar glad to do it Victoria thank you very much alright everyone have a good day you
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